Refer to column 2 of the hazardous materials table in 49 CFR 172.101 to choose a shipping name that most specifically matches to the substance to be sent. If there is more than one possible matching name, select the one that makes the shipment most clearly identifiable.
The regulation also allows you to use the registration number as your shipping name if applicable. You can find the registration number on any license plate associated with the vehicle carrying the material. It begins with "PL" followed by six or four digits depending on the state law requirement.
If you fail to provide a shipping name for your hazardous materials shipment, the carrier will use the description listed on the shipper's request for permit or the common name value from the database if no description is given.
If your shipment contains several items not subject to a single shipping name, such as equipment or products with different manufacturers' numbers assigned to them for tracking purposes, you should list each item on its own shipping slip and identify them as "hazardous materials" before filing them together into one box.
The carrier will load your shipment based on the shipping information provided by you and your agent.
Proper shipping names are the technical terms used to define the hazard qualities and composition of risky products. There are three main types of ships: cargo, tanker, and bulk.
A cargo ship is one that carries both cargo and passengers. These are the most common type of ship used by the commercial shipping industry. They range in size from 500-5000 TEU (TEU is the term used to describe 20 foot containers). A large cargo ship can carry up to 10,000 TEU. Cargo ships work on routes between ports that provide them with their revenue, and they usually stay within these routes for their entire journey. Some examples of major ports that receive cargo ships include New York/New Jersey, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and Houston.
A tanker is a ship that only carries oil or other liquid fuels. They range in size from 200-4000 TEU. Tankers are important in our economy because they can transport products that cannot be transported by other vehicles. For example, gasoline comes from oil fields and needs to be kept cold in order to keep it in a liquid state. Gasoline tankers come to remote locations where there is no pipeline connection and pump the fuel into local distribution centers or service stations.
You must select a UN number (typically four digits) and a valid shipping name from the Dangerous Items List that best describes your dangerous goods. They will be used to mark hazardous materials. These codes must then be indicated on all packaging, labeling, and other documents associated with the shipment.
There are three ways to determine the correct UN number and the proper shipping name: by reference to relevant regulations, by reference to the list of approved names, or by using the default values provided by Cargo Worldwide. If in doubt, contact your local customs office or CDF (the cargo screening facility where you sent your shipment) for advice.
In some cases, you may be able to identify the correct UN number by looking at the packing list provided by your shipper. If not, contact them directly.
If you fail to provide a valid UN number or an out-of-date one, we will have to ship your cargo without a risk assessment. In this case, there is a chance that your shipment may be seized by customs officials upon delivery.
Cargo cannot guarantee that any particular import procedure will be completed for your shipment. However, we can tell you what numbers we would use if we were doing the importing.
The first step is to identify the country of destination.
A hazardous material shipping description includes the following elements: a basic description, extra information (depending on materials and mode of transport), the quantity of hazardous material, and the kind of packaging utilized. A hazardous material's basic description contains its identification number, correct shipping name, and classification. Extra information may include details such as the destination address, the shipper's phone number, or whether the shipment is time-sensitive.
The shipping company will provide its own guidelines for what should go in the description. Some common items to include are the appropriate government licenses and certificates, the driver's license number, the vehicle registration number, and the name of the actual customer when not known from someone at the address (such as if you are sending to a business). Shipping companies also have the ability to request additional information; if this occurs then you should provide it promptly.
If the hazardous material is being shipped with other goods, then the proper government licenses and certificates should be included with them. If not, you can provide them later once the hazardous material has been released from customs. The driver's license number of anyone involved in transporting the hazardous material should be listed on the shipment document. This person could be an employee of the transporter or another driver; either way, they need to be able to identify themselves in case there is a problem with the material during transit.
At the very least, the shipping paperwork must include: 1 consignor's name and address in Canada; 2: Shipment date; 3: In the following sequence, describe the harmful goods: risky products shipping name (for example, Methanol); major and subsidiary classes for example, 3 (6.1), with compatibility notes if necessary; 4: List of ingredients in order of predominance. If you are not sure whether or not a product is hazardous, check the list of hazardous substances.
If the consignment is deemed to be hazardous under Canadian law, then it must be shipped by a licensed carrier. These carriers include but are not limited to: Canadian National Railways (CN), Lehigh Valley Railway (LV), Maine Central Railroad (MA), New York & Atlantic Railway (NYA), Norfolk Southern Railway (NS), Ontario Shortline Railway Company (OSR), Penn Central Transportation Company (PC), Quebec Nordiques (QN), Saint Lawrence Seaway Authority (SLSA) and Wisconsin & Pacific Railroad (WP). Each of these companies has its own requirements for hazardous material shipments, so make sure to read the specific instructions provided by each company.
In addition to the list of ingredients required by federal law, there are three other lists that may be included on the shipper's documentation page. First, if the good being shipped is classified as toxic, then it must also be listed among the toxic substances.