Forget the rally: Here are 10 Horrible Facts About Spain. Banks own more distressed real estate assets than non-troubled real estate assets. Spanish house prices continue to decline, aggravating the country's housing bubble's implications. Meanwhile, Spain's private debt is just out of control. This year, Spain's GDP is predicted to contract by 1.7 percent. The unemployment rate is currently at 20 percent.
In conclusion, the Spanish economy is in a terrible state. It is being dragged down by its banks' risky business practices. There have been suggestions that Europe should let the country default on its debts, but that would be a huge mistake. It would only hurt those countries that have bought Spanish bonds already, and also prevent other countries from borrowing money from Europe or America later on.
The property bubble and the accompanying unsustainable high GDP growth rate were the primary causes of Spain's catastrophe. The consequences of the crisis were disastrous for Spain, resulting in a severe economic slump, a significant increase in unemployment, and the bankruptcy of big corporations.
In addition to being one of Europe's most expensive countries to rent or buy a house in, Spain also has the highest level of unemployment among EU nations. The unemployment rate was 20% in January 2013, although that number includes approximately one million unemployed people who have given up looking for work.
When compared with other European countries, Spain's economy is doing rather poorly. Its GDP per capita is $21,000, which is lower than Italy's ($23,000) and France's ($24,000).
Furthermore, since Spain joined the euro in 1999, it has only ever had one year with positive economic results: in 2001 after its financial crisis. However, even that result was only because of a small amount of activity caused by Europeans moving their money out of dollars into euros (known as "dollar cost averaging").
Since then, Spain has seen negative growth every year except for one, and its economy is now smaller than it was before the currency collapse!
The property market alone accounted for 25% of Spain's GDP in 2008.
Tax earnings from the expanding property investment and construction sectors kept the Spanish government's income in surplus until 2007, despite significant increases in expenditure. When the market collapsed, this source of revenue disappeared and was not replaced by any other source of income.
Additionally, excessive borrowing by businesses and individuals contributed to Spain's economic crisis. The rise in loan defaults caused banks to reduce their exposure to debt, which in turn forced companies to cut back on investment spending. This phenomenon created a downward spiral that affected every aspect of Spanish life.
Finally, EU membership requirements force Spain to adopt European regulations concerning issues such as labor rights, product safety, and environmental protection. These laws can only strengthen if they are adopted by countries with lower standards, which is possible because Spain had been one of the lowest employers in Europe before the crisis. However, these new regulations have prevented many businesses from growing or moving abroad, which has made recovery more difficult.
In conclusion, Spain's property market was one of the main factors behind its economic crisis. When values dropped, so did tax revenues, leaving the government with no choice but to reduce spending, which led to job losses and a decline in business activity.
Despite the fact that some basic issues in the Spanish economy were visible long before the crisis, Spain remained on the road of unsustainable property-led expansion when the ruling party changed in 2004. The new government pursued an open policy of liberalization with strong ties to Europe but also increasing openness to the rest of the world, which ultimately proved to be a mistake.
The property market in Spain expanded rapidly during the 1990s and early 2000s, driven by easy credit from German banks. This led to higher demand for homes than there were available units. The lack of housing regulation made it easy for developers to churn out apartments, which were then sold at high prices due to their location or design. This "bubble" state of affairs came to a head in 2008, when it was revealed that hundreds of thousands of square feet of space had been built in Madrid alone!
Because of its strong economy and large financial sector, Germany weathered the crisis better than most other European countries. However, many German families are now facing foreclosure problems themselves. One reason is that while German law requires lenders to verify the income of borrowers who want to take out a mortgage, in practice this verification doesn't happen. Another factor is that unlike in America, there is no federal agency that regulates mortgage lending practices.
The worldwide economic slump has had a significant impact on the Spanish economy, as it has on the economies of other industrialized countries. Prior to 2008, the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) had been growing at a rapid pace for more than a decade, propelled by a robust construction sector and the availability of a cheap labor force. The growth rate dropped to 1% in 2009, when Europe's economy went into recession, and it has remained there since then.
Spain's banking system was heavily exposed to real estate, with many large banks holding more than 50% of their capital in residential mortgages. When the financial crisis hit in 2007, so did its impact on Spain. Many small businesses could not meet their debt obligations and were forced to close their doors, leaving hundreds of thousands of people out of work. The government responded by launching a series of reforms to make hiring and firing employees easier, reduce costs, and promote job creation. In 2014, Spain's unemployment rate was 20%, compared with 5.5% in 2007 before the crisis.
These events have had a serious impact on Spain's economy. Total GDP fell by 10.4% in 2009, and although it has since recovered to reach its pre-crisis level, it remains below that level. Meanwhile, household consumption accounts for more than 70% of all activity, so when people start cutting back on luxury items such as cars and holidays, that affects the overall economy greatly.