Work teams are classified into four types: self-managed work teams, cross-functional teams, virtual teams, and problem-solving teams. In reality, many teams contain members from more than one type.
Self-managed work teams are made up of employees who have the same level of authority as other members of the team. These individuals are usually responsible for making decisions about what needs to be done and how it should be done.
Cross-functional teams have members who come from different functions within an organization. For example, a cross-functional team might consist of someone from marketing, someone from operations, and someone who can help with sales. The goal is to get people with different skills together to solve problems or create new products. Cross-functional teams can be very effective when used properly, but they can also cause problems if not managed properly. For example, if marketing wants operational staff to use their time helping out on marketing projects instead of doing their own jobs, then there's a conflict of interest that could hurt both operations and marketing.
Virtual teams are made up of people who aren't in the same location. This can be because they work at home, in separate offices across the street from each other, or even in different countries.
What are the many sorts of work teams?
Project teams, self-managed teams, virtual teams, and operational teams are the four basic types of teams. The sort of team you have is determined by the team's purpose, location, and organizational structure.
A project team is a collection of people joined together to accomplish a specific project or task. This type of team has a defined beginning and end. Project teams are usually temporary organizations that are formed for a particular project or event. They may also be established as part of a larger organization structure. For example, a company might form a project team to compete in an industry competition. Alternatively, a project team can be created by employees within an organization who want to work on a specific project or activity.
A self-managed team is one where the members manage their own workload and responsibilities. Team members might have a coach or mentor to help them make more effective use of their time, but they would still be responsible for determining how they use their hours each week. Self-managed teams can be very effective when used appropriately, but like any other team type, they can also fall down if proper management processes aren't in place. For example, members of a self-managed team might not feel motivated to come up with new ideas if they don't have the authority to implement them themselves.
You can also divide teams into categories based on their role in the project. These include resource teams, task teams, design teams, and decision teams.
Teams can be combined to form ad hoc groups for specific projects or tasks. For example, a project manager may need someone with experience in marketing to help with a new product launch. To handle this requirement quickly, she could put two people from these roles on a single team and give them explicit permission to work together.
You can also have cross-functional teams. These groups include members from more than one role within the company. For example, a team might have a product owner, a designer, and a developer. They would all coordinate their efforts as a group to produce high-quality products. Cross-functional teams are useful when you need multiple skills from different parts of the organization to achieve a single goal. For example, a team of engineers, marketers, and salespeople might be given the task of creating a new product line without putting any of them in charge of that task alone. Instead, they work together to identify what needs to be done and then allocate responsibilities among themselves.